What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? Know the importance of Artificial Intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence: Machines are making their way into our lives, affecting, working and entertaining ourselves. From SIRI to self-driving cars, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is progressing rapidly. Whereas science fiction often portrays AI as a robot with human-like characteristics.

Artificial intelligence is known today as narrow AI (or weak AI), in that it is designed to perform a narrow task (such as only facial recognition or just searching the internet or just driving a car). While narrow AI may outperform humans for its specific task, such as playing chess or solving equations, artificial general intelligence (AGI) will outperform humans in almost every cognitive task.

What is Artificial Intelligence ?

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to systems or machines that mimic human intelligence to perform tasks and can improve based on the information it collects. AI appears in many forms, some examples of which are:

Chat bots use AI to understand customer problems faster and provide more efficient answers.
An Intelligent Assistant (or Intelligent Personal Assistant) uses artificial intelligence (AI) to perform services or tasks for the user. Most people today are familiar with some form of intelligent assistants, even as it goes by another name: Siri is one example that allows users to ask questions and perform voice searches and by giving structured, “intelligent” answers. helps them.
Recommendation engines, also known as a recommender system, is software that analyzes available data to make suggestions for something that a website user may be interested in, such as a book, video. or job.

AI brought the picture of high-functioning, human-like robots around the world, AI is not intended to replace humans. It aims to significantly enhance human capabilities and contributions.

AI programming focuses on three cognitive skills: learning, reasoning and self-correction.

Learning processes This aspect of AI programming focuses on creating rules for receiving data and turning the data into actionable information. Rules, called algorithms, provide computing devices with step-by-step instructions to accomplish a specific task.

Reasoning processes. This aspect of AI programming focuses on choosing the right algorithm to reach the desired result.

Self-correction processes (Self-correction processes). This aspect of AI programming is designed to consistently fine-tune algorithms and ensure that they provide the most accurate results.

What are the Types of Artificial Intelligence ?

Various Artificial Intelligence entities are created for different purposes. AI can be classified on the basis of Type 1 and Type 2 (based on functionalities). Here we are giving a brief introduction of the first type (Type 1).

There are three types of artificial intelligence

  1. Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
  2. Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)
  3. Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)

Let us take a detailed look at all these.

What is Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)?

These Artificial Intelligence systems are designed to solve a single problem and will be able to execute a single task really well. By definition, they have narrow capabilities, such as crawling a webpage, recommending a product to an e-commerce user or forecasting the weather, etc. This is the only type of Artificial Intelligence that still exists today.

What is Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)?

AGI is still a theoretical concept. It is defined as AI, which has a human-level cognitive function in a variety of domains such as language processing, image processing, computational functioning and reasoning etc.

What is Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)?

We are almost entering science-fiction territory here, but ASI is seen as a logical progression from AGI. An Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI) system would be capable of surpassing all human capabilities. This will include things like decision making, rational decision making and even better art and building emotional relationships.

Once we have Artificial General Intelligence, AI systems will be able to rapidly improve their capabilities and move to places we would not have dreamed of.

Type 2 (Based on functionalities)

Reactive Machines

One of the most basic forms of AI, it has no prior memory and does not use past information for future actions. It is one of the oldest forms of AI, but it has limited capability. It does not have any memory-based functionality. They can automatically respond to a limited set of inputs. This type of AI cannot be trusted to improve its operations based on memory. A popular example of a reactive AI machine is IBM’s Deep Blue, the machine that defeated Grandmaster Garry Kasparov at chess in 1997.

Limited Memory

AI systems that can use experience to influence future decisions are known as limited memory. Almost all AI applications fall in this category. AI systems are trained with the help of large amounts of data that are stored in their memory as a reference for future problems.

Let’s take the example of image recognition. AI is trained to teach with the help of thousands of pictures and their labels. Now, when the image is scanned, it will use the training images as a reference and understand the content of the presented image based on “learning experience”.

Theory of mind

This type of AI is just a concept and will need some improvement before it can be completed. It is currently being researched and will be used to better understand people’s feelings, needs, beliefs and thoughts. Artificial Emotional Intelligence is a budding industry and area of ​​interest but reaching this level will require time and effort.

Self-awareness

This type of AI also does not exist yet, but if achieved, it will be one of the biggest milestones achieved in the field of artificial intelligence. It can be considered as the last stage of development and exists only hypothetically.

What is the purpose of Artificial Intelligence?

The purpose of artificial intelligence is to aid human capabilities and help us make advanced decisions with far-reaching consequences. Currently, artificial intelligence aims to share all the different tools and techniques that we have invented over the past thousand years – to simplify human endeavor, and to help us make better decisions. Currently, Artificial Intelligence is being used by most of the companies to improve their process efficiencies, automate resource-heavy tasks, etc.

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